Christmas (January 7)

Russia is a very large country and there are many religions on its territory. Most of them profess Orthodoxy (the eastern direction of Christianity). And the Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas on January 7 on the Julian calendar (or the "old style").
Christmas (January 7)

It is important that on December 25 and January 7 the same holiday is Christmas, but it is celebrated on different days because of different calendars. The Julian calendar (named in honor of Julius Caesar) was introduced into the Roman Empire from January 1, 45 BC.
In Russia there were many different calendars - beginning of the year from March 1 or September 1. And only under Peter I in 1700 there was introduced a new calendar for Russia - Julian, where the year began on January 1.
Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 introduced a new calendar in the church - Gregorian (or "new style"). On the territory of Russia, the Gregorian calendar was introduced on January 24, 1918. But the Russian Orthodox Church still adheres to the old style, or the Julian calendar.
Thus, Christmas is celebrated later.
By the way, that is why in Russia there are 2 New Years. :)))

Christmas (one of the main Christian holidays) is the day of birth of Jesus Christ, the son of God.

Christmas in Russia appeared with the adoption of the Christianity of Prince Vladimir and the baptism of Rus in 988.
Before the October Revolution, theatrical performances of the birth of Christ in Bethlehem, caroling, a Christmas tree in rich houses, a festive dinner and a gift from the Russian Ded Moroz were the obligatory attributes of the holiday. Christmas was a great religious and family holiday.
But at the beginning of the Soviet Union, religious holidays were banned, often changing their meaning - working day or a day off, and in this regard, the tradition of celebrating Christmas began to disappear. And in 1929, Christmas was forbidden to celebrate at all! 

But the Soviet government could not cancel the holiday completely. Instead of Christmas, a new social holiday appeared on January 1 - New Year. Many of the attributes of Christmas were moved to January 1 - a Christmas tree, Ded Moroz and gifts.
The official Christmas celebration returned only in 1991, although before that the church and the believers still celebrated this holiday. 

And after begins Christmas Eve (the days of the glorification of Christ) until January 19 - Baptism day.

Today, believers on the night from January 6 to January 7 go to church for the big celebrations, and those who can not go to watch the Christmas celebrations in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior on TV.
Christmas in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior

Pictures from


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